Monday, 26 December 2016

IST-Magazine India Sets Year-on-Year Targets to Reach Ambitious 2022 Solar Goal

India Sets Year-on-Year Targets to Reach Ambitious 2022 Solar Goal

In 2014, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a goal to increase solar power      capacity to 100 Giga watts (GW) by 2022—five times higher than the previous target. The 2022 target is extremely ambitious (the world’s total        installed solar power capacity was 181 GW in 2014) and would make India a global leader in renewable energy. Moreover, Piyush Goyal,   India’s Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy, recently said that  India aims to achieve its 100 GW solar target as early as the end of 2017.

India’s total installed solar power capacity stands at 5.8 GW, so the country will need to significantly ramp up the pace of solar capacity additions, from an average 4 GW per year to 15+ GW per year to meet the 2022 target.  Critics have been skeptical, citing hurdles like poor transmission infrastructure and lack of  access to finance. Yet recent signs show that the country is starting to make serious progress on how it will achieve its lofty solar goals.

According to the targets, India will add 12 GW of new solar power capacity this fiscal year, and add 15 GW and 16 GW of new solar capacity in FY2018 and FY2019, respectively. This will also bring the country closer to the government’s commitment of providing 24-hour electricity to all Indians by 2019.

Next Steps

Although India is on track to achieve its annual solar capacity addition target for this financial year, the government will need to do more in subsequent years to ensure that its targets are met. This is important not only for its solar commitment, but also for its national energy and climate change commitments–installing 175 GW of total     renewable power capacity by 2022, and increasing the share of non-fossil-based power    capacity from 30 percent     today to about 40 percent by 2030 (with the help of international support). While the     Indian government has taken positive steps to support the supply of solar on the grid, it should now also focus its  attention on the demand for solar energy, by developing solutions that provide the    private sector with access to affordable solar. These        solutions must support        distributed and off-grid        generation systems, as well as the adoption of storage      technologies—both of which are necessary to reach India’s    ambitious solar goals.

Written by: IST Team Member


IST-Magazine IST Strength-Roadmap in The Field of Solar Energy

Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016
IST Strength & Roadmap in The Field of Solar Energy
Mr. Tanay Sarker, Dy. Manager, IST Howrah

Institute of Solar Technology (IST) is an ISO 9001:2008 certified academic and research-oriented &     Entrepreneurship Development autonomous institution, a unit of Global Advanced Training & Educational Trust (GATE Trust) Reg. under NCT New Delhi, Govt. of India, NITI Aayog (NGO-DARPAN) Govt. of India. GATE Trust is a non-profit educational organization to empower people, communities, and businesses worldwide.

IST is listed among Top 10 Renewable    Energy Training Institutes in India under NIWE, Govt. of India and also an organizational member of Solar Energy Society of India (Indian Section of International Solar Energy Society).

Institute of Solar Technology is Organizational Member of Solar Energy Society of India, (the Indian Section of the International  Solar Energy Society (ISES)). 
Its interests cover all aspects of renewable    energy, including characteristics, effects and methods of use, and it provides a common ground to all those concerned with the nature and utilization of this renewable non-polluting resource.
IST is direct Training Provider for:
National Institute of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD)   under Ministry of Skill Development and   Entrepreneurship, Govt. of India.

NIESBUD ( Ministry of Skill Development &      entrepreneurship, GOVT of India ) - In order to       promote entrepreneurship / self-employment among the youths as per policy of Govt Of India , so that more and more students may take up self-employment to contribute to the GDP of the country

IST offer NESBUD Training Programmes like:
· Entrepreneurship Development Program
      on Start up and for professionals.
· EDP on Solar Energy
· EDP on PV System Simulation and
      Monitoring system for Entrepreneurs

Today, Entrepreneurship Development Program is one of the key elements for the promotion and start up of Micro and Small Industries/Enterprises, contributing in Start-Up-India      Mission.
IST aims to create employment for individual through entrepreneurship.

Hence, entrepreneurship development has been one of the priorities is not only in India but also all over the world. The focus is on entrepreneurial development coupled with specific skills relating to PV solar sector, which enables the trainees to start their own ventures.

IST Comprises of top delegates as an Advisor from National and International level like India, London, USA, Tanzania, Singapore etc. who plays a crucial part for the development of IST till date. IST Content Development are on the hand of   National and International Experts.

All the trainers at IST India are Government of India Certified Trainers.

Welcome to IST and become IST  Family Members !!!!

IST-Magazine Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship

Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016
Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship
Mr. Dev Prakash, IST Legal Advisor, LLB, CS
Entrepreneurship and innovation are critical for the growth of any economy, in an increasingly competitive world. The secret behind developing economy to a developed economy is nothing but entrepreneurship and innovation.

Entrepreneurship become even more critical for India as its demographic    dividend can only be realized with rapid creation of employment and income generation opportunities. Global experience shows that, apart from creating wealth and boosting the economy, new businesses also create disproportionately more jobs than established ones.

Israel has very little natural resources but is considered a part of the developed world, driven by the strength of its entrepreneurs. Historically, India was considered an innovation driven country, at the forefront of trade, mathematics, astronomy and philosophy. Not surprisingly we accounted for almost 25 % of world GDP barely 300 odd years ago, arguably the largest in the world. Colonization and missing the Industrial Revolution brought us down to 2% of global GDP by 1947. By the beginning of 1990’s, with virtual bankruptcy facing the country, India’s share of world GDP was down to 0.2.

One of the important factors for this downside growth story of Indian economy was the environment Prior to 1991, when entrepreneurship was very quiet in India. Success in Indian    business organizations was largely reliant on understanding of the bureaucratic system, and utilizing licenses, ambition, and government contacts etc. Many decisions were based on social   connections and prior relationships, rather than the actual business function itself. There were fewer success stories about Indian startups making it big, and capital was limited for these types of business empire.

In 1991, the Indian government liberalized the economy, thus significantly transforming the     competitive landscape. Family businesses, which earlier dominated Indian markets, faced         competition from multinationals that had greater technology, more financial freedom and        managerial talent pool. Globalization brought countries together and created entire world market. The world next moved into a ‘Technology Era’. Technological revolution led to progress in all fields and all societies and connected even the places that were isolated. Indian businesses too had to change their focus and re-orient their outlook outward. However, progress and complexities go hand in hand. One of the major challenges faced by most of the countries in the world today is to do with unemployment. The unemployment rate is growing at an alarming speed and India is not an exception. Today, a lower grade employee in a government organization is paid much better than one who is MBA/ MSC/ MA/ B.Tech etc. Unemployment is pushing our highly qualified    graduates’ steps back and they feel de-motivated and sometimes they are involved in unlawful  activities.

In some of the countries entrepreneurship is being recognized as a promising treatment and is    being actively promoted by Govt., Society and various agencies. Entrepreneurship in any society is a sign of progress. If endorsed enthusiastically, entrepreneurship can help sustain growing     economies; integrate unemployed individuals into the workforce besides leading to overall  development of  society. Entrepreneurship development is one of the most powerful weapons to create a positive and long-lasting change in our society. In India, good knowledge is not disseminated about what entrepreneurship is, how we can develop entrepreneurship, and how we can start and run successful companies towards a better and self-reliant society. Besides, society at large is not aware about the merits of being a good entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship is what entrepreneurs do and Entrepreneurs are those who take initiatives and possess never say die approach in achieving their business objectives. Entrepreneurship comes in many different forms. Being an entrepreneur is not necessarily just about launching and running a business, it is about developing the entrepreneurial mindset, which is useful to anyone who is part of an organization.

It is the mindset of looking at problems as opportunities and utilizing resources effectively and     efficiently. This mindset encourages risk-taking, creativity, innovation, and unconventional thinking. Whatever the nature and height of problem, entrepreneurs will find a way towards better solutions even if they are short of resources.

        Good Entrepreneurs are found anywhere irrespective of gender, culture, age, nature and size of   business, education etc. The United States and China are leading with the number of billionaires on earth and those are mostly concerned with the big business empires. The Information          Technology concerned businesses in United States has been the inspiring force for youth             entrepreneurship and created billionaires in Bill Gates, Warren Buffet, Steve Jobs to Google’s Sergy Brin and Larry Page to Face Book Cofounder, Mark Zuckerberg and many more. There are similar such stories in other   countries too covering different domains of business. India is also home to ever increasing number of inspirational entrepreneurs. Inspiring stories in India like Dhiru Bai     Ambani, Karsanbhai Patel, Azim Premji, Narayan Murthy etc. have been bedrock for many to       develop belief and start business on right path. However, the need of the day is to create many more rising business stars and make available the opportunities for society especially youth to dream big and try their hands at entrepreneurship. Building an environment that significantly      promotes entrepreneurship calls for effective strategy    implementation and involvement at all    levels including Government, industry, political, social as well as educational sectors. The policies at all levels need to encourage and provide opportunities as well as assistance and environment to give impetus to entrepreneurship. Policy regulations will need to engage the business, banking,          educational and other sectors to be able to deliver improved and     definitive steps to encouraging and aiding entrepreneurship.

      Industry as a social responsibility can create a very strong platform to help develop the youth and give them the support and guidance as well as opportunities. In schools, colleges and universities, there is little or no focus on developing leadership skills in students, promoting awareness and giving them training for entrepreneurship. Through proper linkages with the industry they should not only design the course but also increase more practical trainings to build the business confidence. Top educational institutions as IIM’s, IIT’s and Universities like ITM University Gwalior etc. have been successful with their incubation centers which have led to the significant development of entrepreneurs. Colleges and universities must start such incubation centers which will facilitate entrepreneurs from idea generation to execution with   required support. Graduates in order to       develop right entrepreneurial spirit need to be more efficient, practical, and productive. The        students need to develop spirit and self-belief. We are all inherently creative. The only time when we are not is when we allow our natural abilities to be clouded. Other biggest limitation faced by each and every promising entrepreneur is the lack of financial and funding support as well as guidance       required to incubate new business. Banking and financial assistance should be made available easily and this can happen only with the active support and engagement by the Government. The societal environment too needs to be supportive, more practical and entrepreneurial. In Kashmir, the social and cultural outlook of the society discourages initiatives and entrepreneurship. Mostly society     expects the youth to obtain education that enables them to get a job and earn salary to support the family. Society must accept that instead of finding a job,  a graduate,  Engineer or an MBA etc. can use skill set to open up his/her venture, which will not only result in mental satisfaction but also  reward in terms of better economic gains. They would not only be able to contribute economically but also lead to vital job creation, which will enhance the inclusive growth and development of society at large. Growing and developing the next generation of entrepreneurs is vital for our survival and prosperity. In order to solve a long list of social problems that we face, we need to support those who will solve these problems. That is why entrepreneurial development can become a greater strength for our society.

        However, economic liberalization initiated in 1991 appears to have revived the old DNA.     Business and industry rebounded. The stagnant and sluggish early single digit rate of growth zoomed to almost double digits. The last two decades have given us a glimpse of what entrepreneurship can do for the country. In barely 20 years, the Indian IT services industry, driven by first generation,     middle class entrepreneurs, has grown from its early stages to around Rs 4.5 lakh crore ($88      billion), creating 117 lakh (11.7 million) jobs- 28 lakh (2.8 million) directly and additional 89 lakh (8.9 million) indirectly, and accounting 25% of our exports, and 7.5% of our GDP10.

IST Magazine Interview with Mr Surya Jeedigunta

Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016

An Interview with Mr. Surya Jeedigunta
Adviser of IST, Head of Business Development at SNJ SOLAR Energy Solutions LLP
Experience in developing solar market, MegaWatt Project Planning & Project  Implementation.
Coordinating with Renewable Energy Departments MNRE , IREDA . SOLAR Energy  Centre , State Nodal Agencies, international agencies.

An engineering graduate who is willing to enter into the solar energy field as a startup entrepreneur, what kind of advice you would likely to give him?

I would start by saying, don’t look at the energy sector limited to power    generation. We are entering into age where information is the new currency in Energy.
Smart Grids, Energy storage, EV’s, data analytics are going to change the Power Landscape completely. This is a good time to enter and if you want to make a dent in these areas. To succeed, it is important to study the market thoroughly, build solutions that solve problems. Create your own niche area that you are interested and enjoy building your venture.

Most of the startup entrepreneurs are the system integrators, What type of business model would be best for them?

Most of the start-ups in the solar space are in the area of system integrator as it is less capital intensive and easy to start. But gaining traction and scaling up is difficult in this space as initial capital costs are high for solar systems even though operation costs are minimum. This led to some innovative financial models such as RESCO and Lease model where the customer doesn’t pay for the system and only pays for the power that is consumed.

What is your outlook for the Indian solar market at the central level, state level, RPO and off grid markets till 2017 and beyond?

While the outlook for solar is positive, given the strong support from the government and robust projects in the pipeline there are also significant bottlenecks such as high interest rates,  and debt ridden DISCOMs unable to go for fresh PPA and float new tenders. To address this issue the govt. has come up with UDAY scheme to clean up the balance sheets of these DISCOMs and improve their credit rating.
A RPO target of 10% by 2022 is intune with the Govt. goal but it is the DISCOM’s that needs to honor their commitment.
The Off grid segment started looking attractive as the grid connected MW scale segment beginning to feel the strain of low PPA.  Cell towers, Mini grids and Street lights are the segments to watch out for.

At the end, IST is highly obliged to Mr. Surya who out of his busy schedule managed the time to provide us the valuable insight which actually inspire our newcomers entrepreneurs.
We hope Mr. Surya will keep guiding us in future as well.
Thanking You,
Tanay Sarker, 
Dy. Manager, IST


Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016


A multitude of skilled workers across the solar project value chain are needed to achieve India’s targeted 100 GW of solar by 2022. New CEEW and NRDC analysis of the jobs created in the solar PV sector along with the related skills required in every phase of a solar project, estimates that India would need nearly 210,800 skilled plant design and site engineers and approximately 624,600 semi and low skilled Technicians for construction, most of whom would be needed to achieve the targeted 40 GW rooftop solar capacity addition. As many as 81,000 highly skilled workers would be needed by 2022 to carry out annual and ongoing performance data monitoring of solar projects totalling 100 GW. An additional 182,400 workers would be needed by 2022 to carry out low-skill operation and maintenance functions for the numerous solar rooftop and utility scale projects.

 While most survey respondents agreed on the essential role of site engineers and project managers, several respondents also highlighted the key role played by unskilled or semi-skilled personnel, such as installers, security personnel, administrative support staff, construction labor and drivers.

 According to the present employment opportunities and the employer enquiries for recruitment, generally it has been observed that an employer wants a full sound technological and management skills to run company for its well establishment. As per recent employment notice, employers require the following skills:

  • The Candidates Should Have Knowledge Of Off Grid And On Grid Solar Systems 
  • Installation And Troubleshooting Of Solar Power Systems 
  • Hands On Experience In Field Installation And Commissioning Of Complete Power And Transmission Systems With AC And DC Cabling. 
  • Preparing The BOM For Solar Tenders & Power Projects And Get The Quotes From The Suppliers And Finalize The Technical Specifications & Suppliers. 
  • Technical Knowledge Of Related Engineering Systems, Equipment, Engineering Calculations, Protection Systems And Construction Methods/Materials. 
  • Prepare Array Layout, SLD (Single Line Diagram), Fabrication And Drawings 
  • Co-Ordination With Customers, Project Management Team And Vendors To Ensure On Time Delivery. 
  •  Meeting With Clients In Selected Geographies And Present The Company's Plans & Services. 
  • New Business Development For EPC In Industrial Solar Projects In Terms Of Sales, New Customer Development. 
  • Consult Clients On Their Business Needs, Develop Proposal, And Build Value. Propositions and Sell Consulting Engagements.

By looking over this pie chart one can understand the scope of solar energy sector in upcoming days. As per the government of India 100GW solar energy target to fulfil the energy gap and energy security, lakhs of manpower are needed to achieve this target. In order to fulfil this manpower gap Institute of Solar Technology plays a major role.

Institute of solar Technology Advisory Management board has decided and splitted the course curriculum in order to fulfil the manpower requirement in solar energy sector with fully hands on practical and interactive classroom environment.

As per the IST Team survey report, 72% semi-skilled man powers are required, to achieve the 100GW solar energy target which belongs from the field of 10+2 & ITI. Thus you can understand the future prospects in solar energy sector. By keeping this overview IST has prepared course for the students as ADVANCE CERTIFICATE IN PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM INSTALLER, where students will learn ,Assessing the installation site job, understanding the principle of PV system, handling installation tools & equipments, understanding functions & process of installation materials, mounting and installing the panels at customer's premises as per design & specification, and ensuring effective functioning of solar energy system after installation.

Whereas 19% manpower is needed in the field of Design & Pre-Construction, Construction & Comissioning, for Diploma & B.Tech (Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation) and, for graping this projection IST has prepared the course ADVANCE CERTIFICATE IN PV TECHNICIAN/ENGINEERING where one can learn ,to assess the installation site job, understanding the principle of PV system, handling installation tools & equipment, understanding functions & process of installation materials, mounting and installing the panels at customer's premises as per design & specification, and ensuring effective functioning of solar energy system after installation.

Along with the above foresight IST has also prepared ADVANCE CERTIFICATE IN PV SYSTEM OPERATION & MAINTENANCE which creates employment for the students belongs from technical and non-technical background, where students can understand Solar PV Plant O&M engineer inspects and perform schedule maintenance jobs for plant, i.e include mechanical and electrical components; performs periodic cleaning of PV modules; and maintains performance data records.

Since IST is an entrepreneurship development institute for professionals and fresher's, IST has specially designed a course called ADVANCE CERTIFICATE IN PV TECHNOLOGY &       BUSINESS MANAGEMENT which is mainly focused for MBA (Business Development) and experienced professionals who wishes to establish a rich esteemed organization where one can learn the fully hands on practical with total knowledge of solar energy technology along with legal aspects.

IST-Magazine Net Metering -> Scope & Challenges

Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016
A Way to Secure Power for Future. !!!!!!!

Net metering concept promises an environment friendly and power efficient electricity evaluation system. It provides an easy option to produce electricity from renewable and also to get      connected to the grid at the same time.

In India the allotted transformer capacity for grid-connected solar power plants is between 15 per cent and 30 per cent. Maharashtra as an  exception has 40 per cent allotted transformer capacity for solar. The payback period largely depends on the tariff of the particular state. The higher the grid tariff, the lower is payback     period.

Also, the question is about how much of your consumption can be offset using solar and how much you are allowed to install. So if you have been thinking that you will install only solar and not consume from the grid at all, that is dependent on your state’s regulations. The allotted transformer capacity is filled on a first-come first-serve basis. So if you are looking to benefit from rooftop solar for reducing your bill, you might want to consider doing this soon. Once the allotted transformer capacity is saturated, you may not be able to connect your system to the grid for a while.

There are two main reasons for the disappointing adoption of net-metering by the consumers: the tariff structure (a policy matter) and grid-reliability (a technical concern). The key requirements for any energy source to connect to the grid is the availability of “anti-islanding protection”. Anti-islanding protection is a way for the inverter to shut itself off and stop feeding power into the grid, when it senses a problem with the power grid, such as a power outage. Both issues are relevant for the residential, commercial and industrial segments.

In India netmetering can have a great future. But since the mechanism is new, we are hitting and identifying the hurdles that are operational, financial and regulatory related. While some countries have provisions of monetary payment for energy fed into the grid, the same cannot be implemented across India. The reason being electricity is a concurrent subject between central and state governments and so we have variation in policies from state to state. But the most important reason is that the financial condition of distribution companies of India is very fragile. A few states are exceptions where these companies are doing really well. Some of them pay for energy fed at Average Power Purchase Cost (APPC) rather than the retail tariff.

This makes sense as rooftop net-metering systems are connected with distribution systems, which eliminates transmission costs and losses. Distribution losses are also reduced and so does the APPC of DISCOMS. While utility scale solar projects are competing really well against utilities, the rooftop segment has been lagging.

What becomes of the latter depends on what actions are taken to address the issues in the present.

Net Metering Impact Customer Bills:
Customer electric bills are based on the electric utility’s cost of providing electric service. In general, every electric customer has an electric meter that records the amount of power delivered by their electric utility. The meter records energy use in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Net-metered customers generally are credited for the electricity they sell to the grid, with their electric meter essentially spinning backwards to provide a credit against the electricity that these customers must buy from their electric utility at night or during other periods when their electricity use exceeds their system’s output. Customers are only billed for their “net” energy use. That means that when rooftop solar or other DG customers generate electricity, they avoid paying for the utility’s power, which is fair because they did not use it. But, they also avoid paying for all of the fixed costs of the grid that delivers power when they need it and/or takes the excess power they sell back to the utility.

Hurdles To Overcome For Net Metering:
Roof top is more expensive than large grid connected power.
Consumer pay for electricity depending on the usage. Even the highest tariff slabs do not cost as much as small scale PV generation.
Improper net metering infrastructure.
Not enough net metering manufacturers.
No performance Guarantee.
Unskilled man power for fixing and maintenance.
Grid compatibility.
Lack of proper monitoring may occur.
Many paper work issues.
Taking money from the govt has always been a problem (if we provide excess power to the grid).

Implementation of this facility will be as per the following guidelines:
Under this facility, consumer will generate solar power for self consumption and feed excess power into the grid.
Net metering is the concept which records net energy between export of generated energy and import of DISCOM energy for a billing month. Alternatively, the meter, having the feature of recording both the import and export values, besides other parameters notified by CEA metering regulations and APTRANSCO /DISCOM procedures in vogue, shall also be allowed for arriving net energy for the billing period.
The net metering facility shall be allowed only for 3 Phase service consumers. Single Phase consumers are not eligible for net metering to avoid imbalance in the phases.
The SPV generator shall pay for the net energy in a billing month as per applicable retail supply tariff decided by regulatory commission to the concerned DISCOM, if the supplied energy by the licensee is more than the injected energy by the solar PV sources of the consumer(s). Any excess/ surplus energy injected in to the grid in a billing month will be treated as inadvertent and no payment will be paid for such energy.
The SPV generator is required to provide an appropriate protection system on their incoming side/ consumer premises with the feature of “Islanding the SPV generator” when grid fails.
The SPV generator shall bear the entire cost of metering arrangement provided including its accessories. The installation of meters including CTs & PTs, wherever applicable, shall be carried out as per the departmental procedures in vogue with prior permission of DISCOMs.
The Solar PV panels proposed to be installed shall meet the requirements of Indian as well as IEC standards.
One can avail any prevalent subsidy offered by Government of India in this regard.

Thus consumers are seeking better incentives and a resolution of technical obstacles before they invest in residential solar PV systems. Policy makers, meanwhile, are coming up with multiple mechanisms to incentivize net-metering adoption from both sides to help distribution companies to improve their financial health and to enable a reliable energy supply. Thus Net-Metering policy has to be implemented systematically and this concept has to get reach to every consumer whatsoever the capacity of plant is.

IST-Magazine Solar Energy Applications for Agriculture in India

Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016

Estimates for total number of farmers in India, for 2011, accordingly range from 95.8 million (8%) to 263 million (22%) to 450 million (38%), out of a total population of over 1.2 billion. Others estimate the total number of farmers in India to be about 600 million (50% of total population). India should stop doing all other solar and just focus on giving farmers a solution for their needs. Solar power technology would be a reasonable choice for agricultural tools. Solar Photovoltaic cells (SPV) directly convert the light energy from the sun into electricity. Concentrated solar power (CSP) systems use an indirect method for the conversion process. Solar farming uses power generated from solar energy to operate agricultural or farming tools. It is simple, cost effective, reliable and long lasting. Most common agricultural tools such as tractors, watering systems, rotator, roller, planter, sprayers, broadcast seeder etc. work on battery power and fuel oil. In solar farming, the battery power is replaced with solar power, so that the usage of electricity from grid power and nonrenewable sources can be reduced.

 Solar Water Pumping System

A solar photovoltaic (SPV) water pumping system consists of solar panels, an on-off switch, a control & tracking mechanism, and a motor pump. This system essentially uses SPV cells for converting solar energy into electric current. A SPV cell array capacity can range around 200 watts to 5KWp (kilowatt peak) based on the needs of different water sources such as bore wells, open wells, reservoirs, streams, etc.
Solar Dryer
Solar dehydrators or dryers are used in farms to dry crops before sending them to the market. The crops are dried when hot air is circulated through the shed by natural convection or using a fan. This type of
dryers have components such as solar air heaters, an electric blower, connecting ducts, a drying chamber and control systems for air temperature and flow rate. These dryers are used to dehydrate high value products.

 Solar Greenhouse
Solar Greenhouses make optimum use of solar energy for provi- ding heating and insulation. Specialized solar greenhouses can collect and store energy for night- time use or during cloudy weather. SPV cells can be used to collect solar energy for additional insulation in colder climates. In warmer climates, solar greenhouses can be used to create a cooler zone required for certain crops. Cooling pumps can be powered by SPV cells placed either on top or along the sides of the greenhouse. Solar energy can be used for ventilation systems by solar powered exhaust fan. Solar Electric Fence Solar powered electric fences are highly effective and dependable for large fields and cattle farms. So solar farming is not only environmentally friendly, but also reliable and cost effective. The time has come to switch to solar power on Indian farms!

IST-Magazine Research & Development at IST

Booming Solar Energy Market in INDIA
IST E-Magazine | December, 2016

Students' innovative IDEAS Global Challenge projects combine entrepreneurship with the passion to help others around the world.

After successful completion of the training, students are involved in innovative programme. Student innovation projects can empower every educator to teach Science, Technology, Engineering skills in class. I think students will be excited to do something different and see what they could learn along the way.

solar power industry has been pushing out innovations right and left, some of which have the potential to make a serious (and positive) impact on our energy systems. Engineering students are opting for the green when it comes to their B.E./B.Tech project. So, we thought of compiling ia list of project ideas based on Renewable energy. Students belonging to third year or final year can use these projects as mini-projects as well as mega-projects.

Here are some broad topics -
· Solar Powered Mobile Charger
· Solar Powered Refrigerator
· Air Conditioner
· Solar array mounting structure with auto tracker
· Solar Powered LED Street Light with Auto Intensity Control
· Solar Powered Auto Irrigation System
· Solar Energy Measurement System

Our PV R&D emphasizes innovation in the following PV conversion technologies:

· Low cost Solar PV Inverter for remote household
· Research and Development on Low cost Solar Table Fan with Table Lamp

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